Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who called it an “annexation plan” and an “instrument of imperialism” for the exploitation of Latin America, was a strong critic of the free trade agreement.  As a counter-proposal to this initiative, it promoted the Bolivarian Alliance of the Americas (Alianza Bolivariana para las Américas, ALBA), which highlights the energy and infrastructure agreements, which are gradually being extended to other areas, in order to integrate the overall economic, political and military integration of the Member States.  Evo Morales of Bolivia called the U.S.-backed free trade zone an “agreement legalizing the colonization of the Americas.”  Had it been approved, the free trade agreement would have been chartered among all of these countries. But many of them have signed bilateral trade agreements or investment agreements with the United States, which are outlined below with links to those agreements. Deputy Trade Ministers as a Trade Negotiations Committee (TNC) play a central role in the management of the EAEA negotiations. The TNC leads the work of negotiating groups and other committees and groups and decides on the overall architecture of the agreement and institutional issues. The TNC is also responsible for ensuring the full participation of all countries in the AAEA process, ensuring transparency in negotiations, monitoring the administrative secretariat and monitoring the identification and implementation of measures to facilitate the implementation of enterprises. The committee meets, if necessary, no less than twice a year at rotating sites throughout the hemisphere. The agreement would have brought together a trade zone for about 972 billion people, which would generate $25.4 trillion in gross domestic product from 2014. Like NAFTA, it would have given the United States a comparative advantage in terms of world trade with the European Union and China`s many trade agreements in the Pacific region.
One of the most controversial topics of the treaty proposed by the United States concerns patents and copyright. Critics say that if the measures proposed by the United States were implemented and implemented, this would reduce scientific research in Latin America. On the website of the Council of Left Canadians, Barlow wrote: “This agreement establishes applicable global rules for patents, copyrights and trademarks. It has gone far beyond its original scope of the protection of inventions or cultural products of origin and now allows the practice of patenting plants and forms of animals as well as seeds. It promotes the private rights of companies vis-à-vis local communities, their genetic heritage and their traditional medicines.  The free trade agreement is part of the summit process. If the free trade agreement is concluded, it will be the largest free trade agreement in history, with a projected total GDP of more than $9 trillion and a market of about 650 million people. Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTA), a proposed free trade area covering all of America. However, negotiations on the creation of the U.S. Free Trade Area (FTA) have failed due to the inability of state parties to reach an agreement before their 2005 deadline.
The free trade agreement should include all countries in North and South America, as well as the Caribbean, with the exception of Cuba. The U.S. Free Trade Area is a proposed free trade agreement between the United States and 34 countries in North, Central and South America and the Caribbean. The exception is Cuba. Although the countries worked there for a decade, it was never completed. The OAS Business Unit organized a seminar entitled “How Governments Can Continue to Promote and Facilitate the Use of Arbitration Procedures and Other Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods to Address Differences in the Private Sector within the FTAA Region.